Effective Teaching Approaches
Teaching is face-to-face interaction between teacher and learner. There’s two approaches training, teacher-centered and student-centered. In teacher-centered approach, students acquire understanding being an active participant. However, in student-centered approach, students acquire understanding as positive participant. An energetic participant is mindful only, while a positive participant is mindful in addition to initiative. In every approach three instructional models are utilized to impart and construct understanding. The Teacher Centered Approach uses the next three models:
Presentation Method- In presentation method, an explanatory lecture is sent to students to impart a bit of understanding. A highly effective presentation is well-structured and well-prepared. An exhibition follows training strictly. It’s appropriate for declarative understanding for example language, history, science, and religion.
Direct Instruction Method- In direct instruction method, an explanatory demonstration is built to create a particular skill among learners. An exhibition is rigorously instructive. It’s appropriate for procedural understanding for example computer teaching, physical teaching, and music teaching.
Concept Teaching Method- In conceptual teaching method, a reason is created concerning the primary concepts of learning material through examples and non-examples. An idea has already been known fact or established reality. It’s appropriate for conceptual understanding for example mathematics, physics, and psychology.
A Student Centered Approach suggests the next three models:
Cooperative Learning- In cooperative learning, student find out about something by cooperating for that achievement of the common academic goal and obtain shared reward if they’re effective like a group. Students are interdependent during learning process. They utilize their comparative advantage or edge against your competitors synergistically for group achievement. Everybody thrives when group achieves, consequently success of 1 is success of. In nutshell, cooperative learning way to study from one another though lecture or presentation. In cooperative learning, teacher is dominantly coordinator. He avoids free-riding and conflicts. It’s an extension of presentation method.
Problem-Based Instruction- In problem based instruction, learning is organized around questions / problems and option would be understood through analytical analysis of problem. The main focus is less on which students do (i.e., their behavior-like direct instruction) but on what they’re thinking (i.e., their cognition) while they’re doing the work. Problem-Based instruction generally is a group activity. In problem based learning, teacher is dominantly company. It’s an extension of direct instruction method.
Discussion Method- Being debated method, understanding is built and grown through discussion. Discussion is either between teacher and sophistication or among students. It develops communicative skills of scholars. In the finish, the end result of whole discussion is summarized through briefing or essay writing. Discussion method does apply in all kinds of understanding however, it most closely fits to conceptual and declarative understanding. The vital facet of discussion technique is use of creative brainstorming. Being debated method, novel concepts are built. It’s an extension of concept teaching method.